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CBD Oil South Africa 

What is CBD Oil?

CBD Oil, also known as CBD hemp oil is typically made from the hemp plant, a variety of cannabis that has high levels of Cannabidiol (CBD) and only trace levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is usually blended with a carrier oil such as Coconut oil, Medium Chain Triglyceride (MCT) oil, olive oil or hemp seed oil. CBD oil is easily available in South Africa and contains CBD, which offers a vast range of healing properties, and studies show that it has significant effects on various neurological and physiological disorders.

What are Cannabinoids?

For an in-depth discussion on this topic, read our article about cannabinoids.

CBD Product Types

CBD products are available in a wide variety of forms. Finding what’s ideal for you can often be a challenge and may even involve a level of trial and error. A reliable place to start is to analyse the reason you’re considering supplementing. As an example, chronic pain, cancer and epilepsy sufferers are likely to consider a higher concentration than those suffering from insomnia.

For those who don’t like the taste of CBD extracts, flavoured products are an option. An unpalatable taste might rule out concentrates and some tinctures but would include capsules and sprays as an option.

If you’re a regular traveller and need a portable option, capsules or sprays might be the way to go. If you’re looking to treat localised pain, topicals may be your answer. For people who vape, CBD vape juice may be the logical choice.

CBD Tincture

Description

CBD tinctures are by far the most prolific of all the various types of CBD supplements available. Compared to the other product types, tinctures and concentrates are probably the purest forms of CBD, as there is no further processing of the oil. Many brands now offer flavoured options in addition to the ‘natural’ flavour, which can be unpleasant for some.

Usage

Take tinctures sublingually and do not swallow immediately. It is best to place the drops under the tongue and leave it there for as long as you can. With that said, you can most certainly add the tincture to almost any drink you enjoy during the day. However, it is advisable to avoid adding it to hot drinks, as these may destroy some of the beneficial nutrients.

Liposomal CBD

Description

A liposome is a nano-sized bubble or sphere (vesicle) made from a phospholipid (in many cases phosphatidylcholine, the same substance found in our cell membranes). Liposomal encapsulation is a process that fills these bubbles with hydrophobic or hydrophilic supplements. Liposomal encapsulation provides a very effective method of bypassing the destructive elements of the gastric system and aiding the encapsulated nutrient to be delivered to the cells and tissues.

Usage

Take liposomal CBD on its own or with a cold drink of your choice. There is no need to take sublingually, as this supplement is designed to be swallowed and pass through the digestive system.

CBD Capsules

Description

CBD Capsules are probably the most convenient way to supplement with CBD. They are naturally much more straightforward to take than tinctures or concentrates. CBD capsules usually come in a softgel form.

These are precisely dosed, making it easy to keep track of your daily serving size. They are particularly useful for those who travel, but also for those who would prefer not to have to measure out drops under the tongue.

Usage

Take one capsule or more as recommended by your healthcare professional, with water or your favourite drink.

CBD Isolate

Description

CBD isolate typically contains the most potent dosage of CBD, in some cases up to ten times the concentration compared to other types of supplements. Compared to tinctures, CBD isolate is not flavoured, and the taste can be a bit much for most people.

Usage

As with tinctures, take CBD isolate sublingually or with a drink.

Topical CBD

Description

CBD Topicals come in the form of salves, creams, balms, lotions and oils. Use topicals to treat muscle stiffness, inflammation and painful joints. There are now also CBD topical creams available to treat skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and acne. Manufacturers often combine topicals with a range of other ingredients to provide additional benefits such as added pain relief or skin conditioning.

Usage

Use topical CBD products are externally on the skin. They are a great way to provide localised pain relief where one does not require full-body effects. Apply liberally to the affected area and rub into the skin until fully absorbed.

CBD Spray

Description

Sprays often have the weakest concentration of CBD compared to the various other types of products. Dosages tend to be more imprecise as spray volumes are more inconsistent, compared to other oral forms of ingestion. Sprays are however quite popular as they are easy to carry and administer while traveling.

Usage

Spray one serving (usually 2-3 sprays) into the mouth. Serving sizes should be visible on the bottle label.

CBD Vape Oil

Description

Many brands now offer CBD vape oil, otherwise known as CBD vape juice, produced explicitly for vaping. Vaping CBD appears to have a lesser effect as compared to other modes of administering CBD. It could also be that heating the oil may destroy much of the beneficial substances. The advantage, however, is that one can continue to vape until they feel the desired effects, as one can feel the effects much more quickly

Usage

CBD vape oil employs the use of a vaporiser. You can fill the cartridge with a CBD vape juice of your choice.

cbd oil south africa

What is the Difference Between Marijuana and Hemp?

Marijuana and hemp are simply different varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp, otherwise known as industrial hemp, is commonly used to produce textiles, clothing and rope. It has a very high CBD content combined with a low THC content of typically less than 1%. These days, most manufacturers produce their CBD products using hemp, as a result of the significantly reduced cost of production, as the THC need not be removed from the product.

Marijuana, in contrast, has higher levels of THC, the chemical compound responsible for the “high” that marijuana users experience. Marijuana is used to produce medicinal marijuana or Cannabis Oil, often used by cancer patients and those experiencing extreme pain.

Terpenes

In addition to the cannabinoid content of cannabis, are the related terpenes or isoprenoids. These are the fragrant oils that give the various strains their diverse range of aromas. Terpenes also bind to receptors in the brain to produce multiple beneficial effects. The relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes is sometimes called the ‘entourage effect’, and is one of the factors that differentiate the various strains.

Many brands of Cannabis Oil advertise a full terpene spectrum, which indicates that they have not extracted the terpenes from the product. Strictly speaking, full-spectrum products refer to an extraction and processing method that has preserved the entire spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in the original plant matter.

Concentration

CBD products are available in varying strengths, however, it is not accurate to compare a CBD tincture with liposomal CBD. The reason for this is bioavailability. Liposomal encapsulation increases the extent to which the body absorbs the active ingredient in a supplement, however, the liposomal carrier itself limits the amount of CBD that can be blended into the liquid.

This is the reason why liposomal products are of a lower concentration as compared to CBD tincture products. The tradeoff, however, is in the increased bioavailability, but the more complex manufacturing methods increase the cost of these products substantially.

With that said, it is fair to compare various tinctures by concentration, which is typically denoted as a percentage. To do this:

  1. Multiply the total volume of liquid in the bottle in ml by 1000 to get an overall liquid weight in mg.
  2. Divide the CBD content in mg by the liquid weight in mg.
  3. Multiply by 100.

An example is a product with a liquid volume of 10ml, and a CBD content of 1000mg.
The liquid weight is approximately 10000mg  ( 1000mg per 1ml ).
The CBD content is 1000mg.
Therefore ( (1000/10000) x 100 ) = 10% CBD.

1ml of water weighs approximately 1000mg, and while oil is slightly more dense than water, most manufacturers quote percentages in terms of water density. So, if we have a 10ml bottle, the liquid weight would be roughly 10g or 10000mg.

Extraction Methods

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

The supercritical CO2 extraction method utilises a machine called a closed-loop extractor, which employs liquid carbon dioxide under high pressure and ultra-low temperatures to extract the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant matter. When the pressure is relieved and the temperature increases, the CO2 evaporates quickly, returning to a gaseous form, leaving behind no residues or impurities. The resulting oil is amber in colour with no trace impurities.

Liquid Solvent Extraction

The liquid solvent extraction method utilises a solvent, usually butane or hexane to extract the resin from the plant matter. The solution which remains liquid under pressure then evaporates on release, leaving behind a dark oil. Drawbacks of this method are that trace impurities can persist, and it also tends to extract chlorophyll from the plant matter, giving a greener colour and a more bitter taste.

Alcohol Extraction

This extraction method involves soaking the plant material for about 5 minutes in high-grade alcohol to extract the resin and then boiling the alcohol off for 15-30 minutes, resulting in a thick dark resin. Some suspect that this method may destroy many of the plant waxes, which could have health benefits.

Oil Extraction

Oil extraction using coconut or olive oil involves heating the plant material and the oil to typically below 100 degrees Celsius for 1-2 hours. This method produces an oil that is full spectrum and does not destroy any beneficial compounds.

cbd oil south africa

Should I use Cannabis Oil or CBD Oil?

The decision should be determined by whether THC is indicated for your particular condition. If it is, then you should consider Cannabis Oil.

What are the Benefits of CBD Oil?

For a more in-depth discussion on this topic, view our article Benefits of CBD Oil.

CBD Oil South Africa

Is CBD Oil Legal in South Africa?

CBD oil in South Africa is legal primarily because of its lack of THC. The primary law regulating the use of medicines and substances in South Africa is the Medicines and Related Substances Control Act of 1965.

The South African organisations governing medicines and substances in South Africa are the South African Department of Health and the South Africa Health Products Regulatory Authority.

CBD Scheduling in South Africa

According to a SAHPRA report entitled COMMUNICATION TO INDUSTRY- SCHEDULING STATUS: THC AND CBD

In Government Notice No. 586, Government Gazette No. 43347, issued on 22 May 2020, the Minister of Health has amended the Schedules as follows:

Previous entries for cannabis, dronabinol, and tetrahydrocannabinol in Schedule 7 have been deleted.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is listed in Schedule 4, except –
in complementary medicines containing no more than 600 mg cannabidiol per sales pack, providing a maximum daily dose of 20 mg of cannabidiol, and making a general health enhancement, health maintenance or relief of minor symptoms (low-risk) claim; or
processed products made from cannabis raw plant material intended for ingestion containing 0,0075 percent or less of cannabidiol where only the naturally occurring quantity of cannabinoids found in the source material are contained in the product.
Products that meet those listed conditions will instead be regulated as Schedule 0.

CBD Oil For Pets

As science continues to discover more of benefits of CBD for humanity, we naturally find ourselves asking whether CBD has the same benefits for our pet friends. From a scientific perspective, cats, dogs and most mammals for that matter have similar anatomy to humans, and therefore also have an endocannabinoid system that modulates their physiology and psychology. Generally, CBD suitable for humans is usually also suitable for pets. Typically one would halve recommended dosages for pets as dosages are based on weight.

Is CBD Oil Safe for Pets?

Research studies have concluded that CBD is generally safe and non-toxic for both cats and dogs.

Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats: View Research Paper

In healthy dogs and cats, an oral CBD-rich hemp supplement administered every 12 h was not detrimental based on CBC or biochemistry values. Cats do appear to absorb or eliminate CBD differently than dogs, showing lower serum concentrations and adverse effects of excessive licking and head-shaking during oil administration.

View Our Range of CBD Products Online

​Conclusion

Scientific studies are now bolstering what was once just anecdotal evidence for the effectiveness of CBD in the treatment of many ailments and maladies. As always, seek medical advice before trying any new course of treatment.

If you are interested in Cannabis Oil and would like to know more before you buy, please do feel free to contact our customer service team at [email protected]. We are based in Cape Town and deliver nationwide in South Africa.